What can a gynecologist tell you about the different types of ovarian cysts?
A gynecologist in the Atlanta and Alpharetta GA area can help diagnose the different variations of cysts that can be non-cancerous, cancerous, or become cancerous over time. Lots of ovarian cysts will go away on their own, and you may not require any treatment or experience any of its symptoms. But, some of these cysts may need to be removed through surgery.
What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled or solid pockets that are found in or around your ovary. Cysts are common, especially in women who have not gone through menopause or who are pregnant. Many ovarian cysts are harmless and painless. They can even be a portion of your menstrual cycle every month, and you may never know it. They will usually go away without the need for any treatment.
A cyst can become a problem if it does not go away on its own or becomes more prominent in size. This can make a cyst painful. There is also the possibility that an ovarian cyst can become cancerous. However, this is rare. But the chances of this happening will go up as you age.
Different types of ovarian cysts
At some point in their lives, a lot of women will develop an ovarian cyst. An ovarian cyst is one of the most common reasons a woman will look for a gynecologist to have a consultation. Different forms of ovarian cysts can occur, including:
Most ovarian cysts form as a natural result of the menstrual cycle during your reproductive years. Your ovaries will grow small follicles leading up to ovulation, and these follicles expel the egg and releases hormones during your ovulation. Sometimes, after your menstrual cycle, a normal follicle will continue to retain fluid and grow; this is what’s known as a functional cyst. They typically shrink and fade away on their own between four to eight weeks and are almost always harmless.
Benign neoplastic cysts:
These cysts present themselves in various forms and are rare. They are characterized by an abnormal amount of tissue growth. Cystic teratoma is the most common form of benign neoplastic cysts and is also referred to as a dermoid cyst; and can develop from a germ cell and can contain multiple forms of tissue, including skin cells sebaceous glands, or hair follicles. Occasionally these cysts can cause pelvic pain and other medical complications; however, sometimes, they can cause no symptoms. Benign neoplastic cysts usually do not resolve on their own.
These cysts develop as a result of endometriosis and can develop when endometrial like-tissues grow outside of your uterus and can attach themselves to your ovaries. During your menstrual cycle, your hormones will trigger your uterine tissue to start to shed after ovulation and exit your body. However, the endometrial tissues on your ovaries can’t be shed, and this can cause the tissues to build up and form a reddish-brown, dark cyst. This is why endometriotic cysts are referred to as “chocolate cysts.” Endometriotic cysts usually don’t resolve themselves spontaneously, and if they are ruptured, they can cause adhesions, pelvic pain, and infertility.
Top gynecologist in Atlanta and Alpharetta GA for ovarian cysts
A gynecologist will instruct you on the best course of action to treat an ovarian cyst. This remedy will depend on various factors, including your age, if you’re past menopause, the size and appearance of your cyst after an ultrasound, and whether or not you have any symptoms. After a few months, many small cysts will resolve themselves. Your doctor may advise that you have ultrasound scans after a few months to monitor their size. No action will be needed if the cyst goes away.
Contact your top Alpharetta and Atlanta OBGYN for your obstetrics and gynecology care.